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By Josie Underwood

A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically well known relatives in Bowling eco-friendly, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840–1923) left at the back of one of many few intimate bills of the Civil warfare written through a southern lady sympathetic to the Union. This shiny portrayal of the early years of the struggle starts off numerous months prior to the 1st pictures have been fired on castle Sumter in April 1861. "The Philistines are upon us," twenty-year-old Josie writes in her diary, leaving no doubt concerning the alarm she feels while accomplice squaddies occupy her once-peaceful city. delivering a different point of view at the tensions among the Union and the Confederacy, Josie finds that Kentucky used to be a hotbed of political and armed forces motion, really in her place of origin of Bowling eco-friendly, referred to as the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. situated alongside very important rail and water routes that have been important for transport provides out and in of the Confederacy, town associated the higher South's exchange and inhabitants facilities and used to be strategically serious to either armies. shooting the fright and frustration she and her kin skilled whilst Bowling eco-friendly served because the accomplice army's headquarters within the fall of 1861, Josie tells of infantrymen who trampled fields, pilfered vegetation, burned fences, lessen timber, stole meals, and invaded houses and companies. In early 1862, Josie's outspoken Unionist father, Warner Underwood, was once ordered to evacuate the family's Mount Air property, which used to be later destroyed by means of occupying forces. Wartime hardships additionally strained relationships between Josie's kin, associates, and neighbors, whose passionate ideals approximately Lincoln, slavery, and Kentucky's secession divided them. released for the 1st time, Josie Underwood's Civil battle Diary interweaves firsthand descriptions of the political unrest of the day with particular bills of an energetic social lifestyles jam-packed with trip, events, and suitors. Bringing to lifestyles a Unionist, slave-owning younger girl who hostile either Lincoln's rules and Kentucky's secession, the diary dramatically chronicles the actual and emotional traumas visited on Josie's kinfolk, neighborhood, and nation in the course of wartime.

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Lets now not take everything with us so left a few issues we have been to ship for the subsequent day—when Col. wealthy stated he could pay for the issues he had gotten. We needed to depart a superb many little issues which we saved in a press within the library and locked it, asking Col. Rich—as that used to be now not wanted please to permit it stay locked—which he acknowledged he might do—the subsequent day Uncle Lewis and Henry got here down within the wagon to get the issues we left and the money from Col. wealthy. while Henry requested him for the cash, the brute laughed within the expensive boy’s face and stated, “Did your mom imagine i used to be going to pay Union humans for something. That’s an excellent shaggy dog story. this can be just a small confiscation we name it. ” Henry stated, “I name it an incredible steal”; however the negative boy used to be helpless and he and Uncle Lewis had the lengthy experience of 30 miles, 15 down and 15 again, for nothing—returning with the wagon empty as they began and Henry observed that the click we had left locked was once already open. It started out raining the second of January and rained progressively a chilly dreary sleety rain for 3 days. The morning we left Mount Air the rain was once less warm and worse than ever. by no means am i able to fail to remember the unhappy procession taking place the hill that dreary morning. How am i able to describe it? The evening prior to we left, the 2 horse wagon was once drawn up as close to as attainable to the again door and the provisions—we may well hold, and with a carpet thrown over them to maintain the warriors from seeing what was once there and some books—were installed, leaving room for our trunks and a few bedding. The spring wagon used to be loaded with meat from our meat condominium and Aunt Sicily’s traps piled on best of that so it seemed like a load of “darkey truck. ” Uncle Lewis and William that evening, with all attainable secrecy went into the cellar and dug graves for a barrel of Peach brandy, barrels of our personal grape wine and a keg of apple brandy which they rigorously buried tramping down the ground back, and this cellar being darkish, we are hoping to discover this after we get back—if we ever do. the following morning we started—John riding the wagon, Uncle William and several other negro males perched on most sensible of the burden. Then negro boys and Henry on horseback using cows, then the spring wagon, Abie riding and Aunt Sis perched on best of the weight, a grey blanket round her and all her kids along with her, like a number of part frozen scared crows—and following after, the large previous carriage, Uncle Lewis using, the 2 bay horses putting their heads within the rainy and chilly and humiliation. pricey Ma sat white and tearless, her satisfaction maintaining a dignity and energy marvelous to determine; I via her facet with little Mary in my lap, Johnny, Marius and “Lady” at the entrance seat; Martha together with her lap filled with bundles by way of the facet of the driving force. expensive Pa on his attractive grey horse “Walker” first in entrance then via our side—helping and directing all—as we went down the hill the line used to be slippery and the pony within the spring wagon—skittish and nervous—when the wagon slipped opposed to him, he stopped, jumped over the strains and siddled [sic] along—Poor Aunt Sis scared!

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